Annotated Bibliography

November 3, 2011 at 2:40 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Works Cited “Eating Disorders | Overview —” Health Education | Illnesses, Diseases & Conditions — The American Academy of Family Physicians, 1 Jan. 1998. Web. 03 Nov. 2011.

 • This website provides a general overview of the 2 main eating disorders among people, anorexia and bulimia. It includes information such as statistics, definitions, causes, risks, treatments, as well as other general information.

• I really found this website to be reliable because the informational provided had wide variety of information on both eating disorders from physicians. It uses facts and statistics to back up its findings, as well as personal knowledge and history from the physicians.

• This website was useful to me because I was able to gain a general knowledge and overview from actual physicians. It allowed me to give my readers a general overview from a reliable source before getting to the more specific information which my paper focuses on.

 “Eating Disorders Statistics « National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders.” Eating Disorders Statistics. Nastional Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disoders, INC. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. 

Koman, Stuart. “Eating Disorders Among College Students | Inpatient, Residential, Day & Evening Eating Disorder Programs near Boston, MA for Anorexia, Bulimia and Binge-Eating.” Eating Disorder Treatment and Psychiatric Care – Walden Behavioral Care Waltham and Northampton, Massachusetts. Walden Behavioral Care. Web. 03 Nov. 2011.

• This website describes eating disorders amongst college students, particularly college woman. It gives information about college students with anorexia as well as college students with bulimia, as well as what you can do if you know someone who needs help with these eating disorders. Renkl, Margaret.

“The Scary Trend of Tweens with Anorexia –” – Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. The Parenting Group. Web. 03 Nov. 2011.

• This website provides examples of children with anorexia and bulimia and their stories. The main story on this website is a little girl, age 10, named Shelia. It talks about her personal feelings, struggles, and solution as well as the happy ending Shelia and her family had.

• I found this website to be very reliable because it is a true story from a girl named Shelia, who suffers from an eating disorder. It gave readers useful knowledge such as background information on Shelia, as well as facts, which really helped me connect with Shelia. I also liked the websites use of statistics and the growing problems among tweens.

• This website was so useful to me because it allowed me to understand how children with eating disorders feel and think. I knew firsthand what Shelia was thinking and how she was going about her eating disorder. Even though her eating disorder was very troublesome at such a young age, she overcame it, which proved to me that there is hope for anyone to overcome an eating disorder.

Too Skinny or Too Fat? Start of paper

November 2, 2011 at 6:04 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

April Mitchell

English 202

Heather Powers

1 Oct. 2011

 Too Skinny or Too Fat

Did you know that up to 24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder, either anorexia a nervosa or bulimia, in the United States and that 95% of those who have eating disorders are between the ages of 12 and 25? What really is an eating disorder though? An eating disorder can be defined as an obsession with food and weight that harms a person’s well-being. Although we all worry about our weight sometimes, people who have an eating disorder go to extremes to keep from gaining weight. There are 2 main eating disorders which are very common in the world and they are anorexia nervosa and bulimia.

Anorexia nervosa is an illness that usually occurs in teenage girls, but it also can occur in teenage boys, and in adult women and men. People who have anorexia are obsessed with being thin. They don’t want to eat, and they are afraid of gaining weight. They constantly worry about how many calories they take in or how much fat is in their food. The average age for the onset of anorexia used to be 13 to 17 but recent research shows that it is now 9 to 12, and even children as young as 7 have been diagnosed, says Abigail Natenshon, a psychotherapist and author of “When Your Child Has an Eating Disorder.” For example, a 7 year old announces that she’s become a vegetarian because she loves animals. Sounds normal right? But then she starts eating less and less of her food. When her parents bring her into treatment, she is emaciated but pinches a tiny amount of flesh between her thumb and forefinger to illustrate “how fat” she really is. She is a full-blown anorexic at 7 years old!

Bulimia, on the other hand, is eating a lot of food at once, called bingeing, and then throwing up or using laxatives to remove the food from the body which is called purging. After a binge, some bulimics don’t eat or over exercise to keep them from gaining weight. An example of bulimia is an 8 year old whose parents are involved in a very messy divorce is frequently too upset to eat? The less she eats the more concerned her parents become about her health. Soon the fighting virtually stops, transformed into a shared fear for their daughter. The family dynamic has shifted away from the divorce, and her parents have inadvertently reinforced the girl’s eating disorder.”  Stories like this alarm you don’t they? When I first read both of these stories about children as young as 7 and 8 with anorexia or bulimia, I didn’t know what to think. I was overcome with a mixture of feelings; including being sad, mad, and worried, but this lead me to think that if children as young as these two girls are facing this difficult problem, how are college aged students facing and handling this difficult problem since eating disorders are very common amongst college aged students?

Even though eating disorders affect people of all ages, it is especially prominent among college students. However, eating disorders among college students are primarily seen in college aged woman. In a survey given to college aged woman, 25% of college-aged women engage in bingeing and purging as a weight-management technique. Don’t get me wrong though, eating disorders are seen among college males, just fewer numbers of males have eating disorders. The Massachusetts Eating Disorders Association cites the following statistics on college student eating disorders stating that 40% of female college students have eating disorders and 91% of female college students have attempted to control their weight through dieting. Startling numbers don’t you think since they are so high?

Facts for Eating Disorder

October 25, 2011 at 2:40 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Eating disorders affect people of all ages, but are especially prominent among college students.

The Massachusetts Eating Disorders Association cites the following statistics on college student eating disorders stating that 40% of female college students have eating disorders and 91% of female college students have attempted to control their weight through dieting

According to one study on college student eating disorders, 5% to 20% of college females and 1% to 7% of college males have eating disorders (Johnson & Connors, The Etiology and Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa, 1987).

The most common college student eating disorders are anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating disorder.

Eating disorders, such as bulimia and anorexia nervosa, are a significant public health problem and increasingly common among young women in today’s westernized countries (Griffin & Berry, 2003; Levenkron, 2000; Hsu, 1990). According to the National Eating Disorder Association (2003), 5–10% of all women have some form of eating disorder and further research suggests that 19–30% of female college students could be diagnosed with an eating disorder (Fisher, Golden, Katzman, & Kreipe, 1995).

Cultural and societal pressure on women to be thin in order to be attractive (Worsnop, 1992; Irving, 1990) can lead to obsession with thinness, body-image distortion, and unhealthy eating behaviors.

Up to 24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder (anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder) in the U.S.3

95% of those who have eating disorders are between the ages of 12 and 25

91% of women surveyed on a college campus had attempted to control their weight through dieting. 22% dieted “often” or “always”

86% report onset of eating disorder by age 20; 43% report onset between ages of 16 and 20

25% of college-aged women engage in bingeing and purging as a weight-management technique

Most college ladies would often take on some severe dieting to achieve that ultra thin looks that is hyped by media as beautiful. Consequently, practice such as “binge-eating, the use of diet pills and laxatives to purge out the food that they have just eaten is very popular among college girls in the country.

What really worst about the “starvation regimen” being practiced by many college girls in the country is that they tends to get worst overtime. The innocent dieting could lead to a severe eating disorder such a bulimia.

Once a woman gets caught in the cycle, it would be very difficult for her to stop. In some cases, the cycle is not broken early enough to save the woman from literally starving herself to death.

Possible Problems for Paper #3

October 24, 2011 at 11:04 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

1. Teen Pregnancy

2. Gambling

3. Eating disorder among college women

4. Education Requirements at all levels

5. Sterotypes

List and Evaluate 3 Sources For Each Side

October 10, 2011 at 2:13 am | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The information on this website seems to be very knowledgeable and useful. All the knowledge comes from which is a website where students can find money and colleges can find you. I’m not sure how useful they would be on having an opinion of working while in college though.

This article comes from which is not a very reliable website to me because the website consists of articles from numerous people. I don’t think this works well because everyone has their own opinion and this article could just have the author’s opinion. It doesn’t state where the information came from so that can only lead me to thinking that. His article does however give his own personal opinion from his own experiences which I think is good.

This article is from Reynolds Writing which is just on a Hub Page. He is a free-lance writer, internet  junkie, and business leader living and working in the Boston, MA area which makes me know that his information isn’t from an “expert.” He also has a fan club which is not good to me and you can sign up for it through his articles.

This website seems to be pretty reliable because it comes from Meta-Education. It is an education resource for prospective and veteran students. It isn’t a very long article though so that makes me question the website.

I really like this website because it allows me to see views from other students through a blog. People get to comment on the blog their own opinion which allows me to see the view of numerous people and opens my eyes to numerous thoughts. Although it isn’t from top notch people that know everything and advise others, I think this website is great.

This website comes from eHow Family which is for parenting, moms, and education prospects. It is specifically by Katherine Bradley, eHow Contributor. Looking into it more though, it looks reliable because the related topics are MLA format and others which are very knowledgeable. Some of the words at the top of the page show that it is a reliable website as well.

5 Sources For Advantages/Disadvantages Of Working While In College

October 6, 2011 at 3:41 am | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment



Common Perception Knowledge

September 29, 2011 at 2:45 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The common perception that many people think about the PNC Big 33 Football Classic is that it is an All-Star Football Games showcasing thirty three of Pennsylvania and Ohio‘s outstanding high school athletes. However, I don’t agree with this common perception because there are actually thirty four players, not thirty three. Many people don’t know that while the game was originally played with the best 33 players in each state (hence its name), the organizers added a 34th player to give kickers a chance to be separate of the 33 count as to give one more non-kicker a chance to be named to the Big 33.

Many people consider this game as a huge deal to high school senior football players and if you are selected to play in the game, you are truly blessed. I completely agree with this perception because the football players that are selected are truly outstanding football players. Almost all of the selected Big 33 players have full scholarships to D1 schools, including Penn State, Ohio State, and Pittsburgh University, to play football in the fall following the game. I also agree with this perception because several of the players that participate in the Big 33 go on to play in the National Football League (NFL).  Further more, there has never been a Super Bowl without a former Big 33 player participating in it.

Many people think that this classic promotes excellence in students and the community by involving players, cheerleaders, buddies, host families, and scholarship winners in a variety of activities during game week. If you ask anyone around central PA, the main thing they think of when they think of the Big 33 besides the football players, are the special needs buddies. The Big 33 incorporates the special needs buddies throughout game week in central PA with hospital visits, team lunches, camps, and more. However, controversy occurs with the use of special needs buddies. Many people believe that the Big 33 is one hundred percent beneficial to the buddies while others believe that there are negative effects. I personally do agree with the people that believe the Big 33 is one hundred percent beneficial to the buddies.

Topic Background

September 15, 2011 at 2:33 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Who- The PNC Big 33 Football Classic promotes excellence in students and the community by involving players, cheerleaders, buddies, host families, and scholarship winners in a variety of activities during game week.

What- Originating in 1957, the PNC Big 33 Football Classic is one of the nation’s finest scholastic All-Star Football Games highlighting showcasing Pennsylvania and Ohio ‘s outstanding high school athletes. Now entering its 54th year, the classic is often described as “The Super Bowl of High School Football.”

When- The Big 33 Football Classic is played on a Saturday evening in mid-June. Last year’s game was played on Saturday, June 18, 2011 with kick off at 7:00 p.m.

Where- The Hershey Park Complex and Stadium are used throughout the week for various activities which is primarily where the Big 33 takes place. For one week, the players relocate to host families which live in the Hershey, Pennsylvania or Hummelstown, Pennsylvania area. Practice is practiced at Lower Dauphin High School, which is located in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania, and the game itself is played at Hershey Park Stadium in Hershey, Pennsylvania.


The Buddy Program: Players from Pennsylvania and Ohio are matched with a member of the “Buddy” team, a group of young people with exceptional needs. Together, players and buddies enjoy memorable experiences which will last a lifetime by sharing a lunch, the banquet, and game introductions.

            The “Buddy Team,” started in 1985, is a dynamic part of the Big 33 activities.  The team is comprised of over 200 special needs kids. During game week, the buddies are paired with players, cheerleaders, and coaches. Memories are developed through opportunities for exceptional kids to share time with their player, cheerleader or coach both on and off the practice field during the week preceding the game. This program has proven to be one of the most enjoyable, memorable and rewarding aspects of the Big 33 program, and has come to epitomize the goal set by the Big 33 Football Classic:  to create lifetime treasured memories for both the “buddies and the Big 33 Players, Cheerleaders, and Coaches.” The success of the “Buddy Team” program is marked by the fact that both player and “Buddy” have so much to give.  It may be a simple souvenir or that final hug, but the memories of the Big 33 week last forever.

During the Big 33 Week, players from both teams join a local host family. Relationships are formed which endure beyond the collegiate career of the player, creating a new “home away from home.”

All Star Cheerleaders: 60 to 68 cheerleaders are selected from Central Pennsylvania high schools on the basis of ability and spirit. The squad also has a full week of practice and community activities, culminating with a spectacular halftime performance.

Big 33 Honors Banquet: The Big 33 Week culminates with the annual awards banquet, held on the eve of the game. Sponsors, Buddies, Cheerleaders, Players, Host Families, Parents and Special Guests enjoy an evening of fellowship and camaraderie

Youth Clinics: Both Big 33 cheerleaders and the Pennsylvania team teach and interact with local youth through this interaction. Dreams are created.

Academic/Technical Scholarship Winners: Every academic/technical scholarship winner in Pennsylvania and Ohio is invited to the game to be honored as part of pregame activities.“It’s Academic.”·

Research Progress

September 13, 2011 at 11:48 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment


Research Question Brainstorming

September 13, 2011 at 2:32 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

* THE BIG 33*

1. What do I already Know?

Football game played in June each summer at Hershey Park Stadium

Includes football players, cheerleaders, special needs children, staff, host families, etc

  • Football players must be selected by a committee
  • 33 of the best football players from Ohio vs. 33 the best football players from PA
  • To be selected you must truly be the best of you senior class
  • Only seniors are allowed to participate
  • 95% of those selected already have scholarships to D1 schools

Cheerleaders attend a tryout and must be picked from the group that tryout

  • You must be invited to the try out and both genders are allowed
  • Tryouts last two days long where you must learn several things in a short amount of time such as a cheer, dance, and several chants
  • A maximum of 4 cheerleaders from the same school are allowed

All special needs children are invited to attend and participate

  • Doesn’t matter on the disability
  • They participate in different activities and numerous times throughout the week

All football players stay at a host family the week of the Big 33

  • Doesn’t matter where you are from
  • Host families are rich families that donate to the Big 33 each year

Practice for the cheerleaders and football players only last one week

  • Days are long, very long and tiring
  • Practice is outside in the sun
  • Forming a team bond in such a short time is the number one thing

All football players, cheerleaders, and buddies attend daily special events such as picnics, Hershey park, team bonding activities, pictures, and the banquet

  • Each buddy gets to select a football player or cheerleader to spend the week with and interact with
  • Pictures are taken of the special needs buddy and their buddy
  • Football player buddies get to play football with their player
  • Cheerleader buddies get to learn chants and go up in stunts
  • All buddies get to eat lunch with the football teams and parents

Hershey Park is the night before the banquet (Thursday)

  • Cheerleaders and football players get to hang out with each other
  • It’s time where they can have fun and not be focused on the game
  • Coaches attend Hershey Park as well but not parents or buddies

Team Bonding

  • Both football teams have activities at night
  • Some serious things like meetings every night
  • Fun activities too like an arcade, pizza, laser tag, etc happens Wednesday night

The Banquet

  • Held the night before the game in the Hershey Lodge
  • Hundreds of people attend including the game host (a NFL player), both football teams and cheerleading teams, the coaches, families, and news broadcasters
  • An introduction of the PA team and Ohio team including the coaches, football players, and cheerleaders are given in front of everyone
  • The two special needs children spokesperson give a speech as well
  • Dinner is served to everyone and more

2. What Do I Need to Find Out?

How does the week affect the football players and special need buddies individually?

Special needs buddies- Is this a good or bad idea?

3. Reserach Question

 In what ways does the incorporation of special needs children during the week of Big 33 help the Big 33 and how does it help and affect the special needs children and everyone else involved?

 4. What Else Do I Need to Find Out?

How it came about?

Who founded it and why was it created?

Does it affect the community? How?

Why only 33 football players for each side? Enough players? Too many?

How are the special needs buddies involved specifically?

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